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how to create websites using python

If you are looking to build a website using Python, you can do so by coding a program. Using Python, you will not only be able to run your code on a web server but can accept page requests and offer responses in the form of HTML data. However, this calls for a lot of sweat from you. But fret no more! You can avoid all the strain by employing a host of user-friendly tools called as Python frameworks that can be used to create a website.

A Sneak Peek into Various Python Web Frameworks

Python developers are familiar with a number of web frameworks that can be used to build websites. Django, Grok, WebPy, TurboGears, WebApp2, Pyramid and Flask are some of the most widely used Python frameworks that can help you build a website from the scratch.

The Website Building Process – Broken Down Into Simple Steps

When it comes to build a website, it is very important that you start from the very small step. Once you taste success with simple applications, you will be skilled to move on to create a full-fledged and robust application. In doing so, every single step towards website development will be counted, serving as a yardstick to your progress.

Step 1:  The first step to build a website by coding in Python is to create an empty file. The empty file should then have the following code and saved with a .pyextension before running it.

The code is as follows:


from
flask importFlask

app=Flask(__name__)

@app.route(‘/’)

def home():

return“Website content goes here.”

if __name__ ==’__main__’:

app.run(debug=True)

 

If you notice the commands, you will find that the code is employing the Flask framework. This is the code which takes the form of a web application prototype that is generated using Python.

Step 2: The next step is to run this code by visiting localhost:5000. By doing this, you will be able to experience the first look of your website. Notwithstanding the fact that this looks like plain text in the first instance, you can still call it a website.

In case you don’t have the Flask framework, you can simply install it by keying in pip install flask at the terminal or command prompt. Going further, you will be employing Python functions to return an output to the source URL. But in reality, your purpose is to return HTML pages in contrast to plain Python strings.

Step 3:To enable this, you are supposed to proceed with the following code in accordance with the render template method.

from flask importFlask, render_template

app=Flask(__name__)

@app.route(‘/’)

def home():

return render_template(“home.html”)

if __name__ ==’__main__’:

app.run(debug=True)

 

However, it goes without saying that you first need to create a home.html file which should be positioned inside a folder named templates. Care should be taken to create this folder at the same directory level as that of your Python file.

This is the simplest and systematic way to create a website using Python.

In an attempt to provide some functional guidance to create a website using Python, here are some useful tips that you can make use of:

  1. It is a wise move to run your website in a virtual environment. And to create a virtual environment, you can rely on the virtualenv library:

pip install virtualenv

python-m venvfoldername

 

  1. You would want your HTML files to adhere to the CSS styling pattern. Given this requirement, you should create a folder called static in the same directory level as your templates folder. You should then create subfolders with filenames of CSS and JavaScript inside the folder to house the respective files. The next step is to link these files from the HTML pages by keying in this linking command:

 

<linkrel=”stylesheet”href=”{{ url_for(‘static’, filename=’css/main.css’) }}”>

 

  1. Your aim to build a website using Python is still incomplete. Your ultimate goal is to mount your website online so that internet users can visit your website through a public website address. To do this, you can take the support of Heroku Cloud. First, you need to create a Heroku account to access its free hosting plan. After that, it is going to be a smooth ride to position your website. Making the most of certain tools like Git and Heroku Toolbelt, you will be in a favorable position to deploy your Python website.

 

  1. The list of tips does not end here. Going by the maxim that it is “better to be safe than be sorry”, another useful point that demands a special mention is to set the debug parameter to “False”. This initiation should be done before the deployment process begins. This word of caution will go a long way in keeping your app safe and secure.

 

Closing Thoughts

As you have by now understood that Python can be used to build a website, it does not come as the only means. For a website to be functional, you will need a combination of HTML, CSS and JavaScript. All these elements will have to work in tandem with your Python code by responding to the requests and returning HTML, JavaScript and CSS. Since this is a herculean task, you can lean on the Python frameworks like Django and Flask to simplify your website building process.

Reference Links:

https://code.tutsplus.com/articles/python-from-scratch-create-a-dynamic-website–net-22787

https://www.quora.com/How-do-you-use-Python-to-make-websites

https://www.quora.com/Can-I-use-Python-to-develop-a-website

https://www.safaribooksonline.com/library/view/grok-10-web/9781847197481/ch01s03.html

 

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